Keyboard Shortcuts – A Lesson from Tony in Lethbridge, AB

 

Over the past several weeks our Tech Tips Thursday’s have focused on shortcuts. That series wraps up over on Facebook later this week. If you haven’t yet, follow us over there. This post will serve as a summary and expansion for Keyboard Shortcuts. We’ll review the ones we covered and I’ll point you in the direction of some new ones to try out.

windows-keyboard_marked_final

mackeyboard_Final

First I should explain that, while, for simplicity’s sake, I only referred to text in the Facebook posts, but almost all of those commands can also be used for files on your computer. I’ll show you a bit about that as well.

To use a shortcut press and hold the first button in the combination, then press the second while still holding the first button. If there are three buttons in the shortcut, you must hold both the first and second buttons while pressing the last one. For example if the shortcut is Ctrl + V, you would press and hold Ctrl then press V. For the shortcut Ctrl + Alt + Delete you would press and hold Ctrl, press and hold Alt while still holding Ctrl and finally press Delete while still holding both Ctrl and Alt. Some shortcuts can be activated by hitting the buttons simultaneously, but it’s simpler to just do them in sequence.

Cut, Copy, Paste and Select All

Moving text around is a breeze when you remember these shortcuts. Whether it’s copying and pasting an e-mail address to send a message or cutting and pasting text to better organize your thoughts in a Word Processor, it’s simple to do with these shortcuts:

  Windows Mac Detailed Explanation
Cut Ctrl + X Command + X Removes Selected Items and moves them to the Clipboard
Copy Ctrl + C Command + C Copies the selected items and moves them to the clipboard, while leaving the original in place.
Paste Ctrl + V Command + V Pastes all items on the clipboard to the selected location

These shortcuts are also extremely useful when organizing your files. In Windows Explorer or Mac’s Finder, you can use these same shortcuts to move files around between folders or even different drives connected to the computer.  For example, everything you download from the internet might automatically be saved to a ‘Downloads’ folder. If you wanted to organize this so it was a easier to find things you could create folders (Bonus Shortcut! Ctrl + N | Command + N!!?) within the ‘Downloads’ Folder. You can create different folders for different types of files and use the shortcuts we have learned to Cut the files from the ‘Downloads’ folder and then Paste them into specific folders so you can find them later and avoid clutter. The Copy shortcut comes into play with files mostly when you want something on your Computer to also be on another drive (like for a back up). Again, Copy works the same as Cut, but it leaves the file in the original location as well as adds a copy where ever you Paste it. Select All (Ctrl + A | Command + A) also works for files. Want to Copy all the files within a folder? No need to waste time doing it one at a time! Simply hit your handy shortcut for Select all.

Application Switching and Show Desktop

Probably one of my most used short cuts and one of my least used. I often have multiple applications open. If I’m working I might have a virus scan running on a client’s hard drive, my ticketing and Invoice software, a web browser, and a music application all running and probably more than that if I’m not working with YouTube, Netflix and games added to the list.  The quickest way to move among these applications is Alt + Tab on Windows and Command + Tab on MacOS. This is great for switching back and forth between your web browser and a Word Processor for example to write about a subject you’re researching. Or just switching between Facebook and a music player to skip a song you’re not feeling. The uses are myriad, and can it can save almost everyone a lot of time.

  Windows Mac Detailed Explanation
Switch Applications Alt + Tab Command + Tab Switches between open applications
Show Desktop Windows Key + D F11 or Fn + F11 Minimizes open windows and displays the desktop

I can’t say I use show desktop very often. I like to keep a fairly clean desktop, with all my most used application and files either on my taskbar or in my start menu, so heading to the desktop isn’t high on my list. However, I see many people store their most used files and programs directly on the Desktop. If you are one of these people, hitting Windows Key + D will get you straight to all of your files.

datdesktop
Please don’t let you desktop look like THIS though! How do they find anything?

Undo and Redo

Making mistakes can be annoying and time consuming. However, with the Undo short cut, you can get back on track quickly and easily. This shortcut can be used in many different situations and applications around your computer. It can be used to quickly undo the results of using of the other shortcuts, like paste. If you pasted something in the wrong place and need to get rid of it again, simply use the undo shortcut. Deleted a file you need? Undo. Erased half the picture you are editing? Undo. Play around with this one. You might be surprised how many places it works! Just make sure to have the Redo shortcut handy in case it has an effect you didn’t expect.

  Windows Mac Detailed Explanation
Undo Ctrl + Z Command + Z Reverses the last action taken.
Redo Ctrl + Y Command + Shift + Z Resets to before Undo was done
whiteoutthescreen
Remember the Undo command and you’ll never need to reach for the white out again!

If you can remember to use these shortcuts, they can be a real time saver for you. It Is much more time consuming to go through and undo the mistake manually. Two key presses can get you back to work almost instantly. And if once you Undo something it doesn’t look any better, or you change your mind, Redo is there to undo the undo. Sometimes when I working with images I’ll end up using the Undo shortcut repeatedly. I’ll change a lot of different things while trying to make it look the way I want only for it to look bad. So I just spam the Undo Shortcut until all the changes I made are reversed and I can start over trying something else.

Open New Tab

My wife is always making fun of me for having about 100 Internet Browser Tabs open at once. I guess I might over use this shortcut. There are many things I do in a web browser. E-Mail, Netflix, Youtube, Facebook, Twitter, a few different discussion forums, working on my webpage and so on. If my browser was a desktop it would look the one above. I’m sure you have a different list, but that you still have a reason to open more than one tab at a time. Modern Web browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari and even Microsoft Edge make it easy to get new tabs open. It just takes a keyboard shortcut. On windows systems Ctrl + T will open up a new tab and for Safari on a Mac you can use Command + T. As an added bonus, when you open a new tab this way, the address box will take focus so you can immediately start typing the address of the webpage you want to visit, or your search terms for the search engine set to run in your browser.

Barely Scratched the Surface

Hopefully the shortcuts I have explained here are helpful. There’s a good chance you already knew and used some of them. That’s great! There are many other Shortcuts available. Windows and MacOS have more shortcuts ready to use, but so do almost all of your favorite applications and programs. If you use a program regularly, why not have a look around and see if there are shortcuts for your most used actions. You might find these listed in the menus next to where or hidden away in a help file. Either way, taking the time to learn them could save more time in the future and make your workflow simpler.

If you enjoyed this lesson on Keyboard Shortcuts, be sure to follow me on Facebook and consider contacting me for one on one training on the subject of your choice. You can contact me by email at tony@ynottechservices.com or phone/text message at 403-915-8574.


I’ll leave you with a giant list of Shortcuts for Windows and then one for Mac.

Windows Shortcuts:

I got this list from: http://www.winhelponline.com/blog/master-list-keyboard-shortcuts-windows-10

Press this key To do this
Ctrl + X Cut the selected item
Ctrl + C (or Ctrl + Insert) Copy the selected item
Ctrl + V (or Shift + Insert) Paste the selected item
Ctrl + Z Undo an action
Alt + Tab Switch between open apps
Alt + F4 Close the active item, or exit the active app
Windows logo key + L Lock your PC
Windows logo key + D Display and hide the desktop
F2 Rename the selected item
F3 Search for a file or folder in File Explorer
F4 Display the address bar list in File Explorer
F5 Refresh the active window
F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
F10 Activate the Menu bar in the active app
Alt + F8 Show your password on the sign-in screen
Alt + Esc Cycle through items in the order in which they were opened
Alt + underlined letter Perform the command for that letter
Alt + Enter Display properties for the selected item
Alt + Spacebar Open the shortcut menu for the active window
Alt + Left arrow Go back
Alt + Right arrow Go forward
Alt + Page Up Move up one screen
Alt + Page Down Move down one screen
Ctrl + F4 Close the active document (in apps that are full-screen and let you have multiple documents open at the same time)
Ctrl + A Select all items in a document or window
Ctrl + D (or Delete) Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin
Ctrl + R (or F5) Refresh the active window
Ctrl + Y Redo an action
Ctrl + Right arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word
Ctrl + Left arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word
Ctrl + Down arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph
Ctrl + Up arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous paragraph
Ctrl + Alt + Tab Use the arrow keys to switch between all open apps
Ctrl + Alt + Shift + arrow keys When a group or tile is in focus on the Start menu, move it in the direction specified
Ctrl + arrow key (to move to an item) + Spacebar Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop
Ctrl + Shift with an arrow key Select a block of text
Ctrl + Esc Open Start
Ctrl + Shift + Esc Open Task Manager
Ctrl + Shift Switch the keyboard layout when multiple keyboard layouts are available
Ctrl + Spacebar Turn the Chinese input method editor (IME) on or off
Shift + F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
Shift with any arrow key Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document
Shift + Delete Delete the selected item without moving it to the Recycle Bin first
Right arrow Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu
Left arrow Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu
Esc Stop or leave the current task

Windows Logo key Keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Windows logo key  Open or close Start
Windows logo key  + A Open Action center
Windows logo key + B Set focus in the notification area
Windows logo key  + Shift + C Open Cortana in listening mode
Windows logo key  + D Display and hide the desktop
Windows logo key  + Alt + D Display and hide the date and time on the desktop
Windows logo key  + E Open File Explorer
Windows logo key  + F Open Feedback Hub
Windows logo key  + G Open Game bar when a game is open
Windows logo key  + H Open the Share charm
Windows logo key  + I Open Settings
Windows logo key  + J Set focus to a Windows tip when one is available.

 

 

 

When a Windows tip appears, bring focus to the Tip.  Pressing the keyboard shortcuts again to bring focus to the element on the screen to which the Windows tip is anchored.

Windows logo key  + K Open the Connect quick action
Windows logo key  + L Lock your PC or switch accounts
Windows logo key  + M Minimize all windows
Windows logo key  + O Lock device orientation
Windows logo key  + P Choose a presentation display mode
Windows logo key  + R Open the Run dialog box
Windows logo key  + S Open search
Windows logo key  + T Cycle through apps on the taskbar
Windows logo key  + U Open Ease of Access Center
Windows logo key  + V Cycle through notifications
Windows logo key  + Shift + V Cycle through notifications in reverse order
Windows logo key  + X Open the Quick Link menu
Windows logo key  + Z Show the commands available in an app in full-screen mode
Windows logo key  + comma (,) Temporarily peek at the desktop
Windows logo key  + Pause Display the System Properties dialog box
Windows logo key  + Ctrl + F Search for PCs (if you’re on a network)
Windows logo key  + Shift + M Restore minimized windows on the desktop
Windows logo key  + number Open the desktop and start the app pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number. If the app is already running, switch to that app.
Windows logo key  + Shift + number Open the desktop and start a new instance of the app pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number
Windows logo key  + Ctrl + number Open the desktop and switch to the last active window of the app pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number
Windows logo key  + Alt + number Open the desktop and open the Jump List for the app pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number
Windows logo key  + Ctrl + Shift + number Open the desktop and open a new instance of the app located at the given position on the taskbar as an administrator
Windows logo key  + Tab Open Task view
Windows logo key  + Up arrow Maximize the window
Windows logo key  + Down arrow Remove current app from screen or minimize the desktop window
Windows logo key  + Left arrow Maximize the app or desktop window to the left side of the screen
Windows logo key  + Right arrow Maximize the app or desktop window to the right side of the screen
Windows logo key  + Home Minimize all except the active desktop window (restores all windows on second stroke)
Windows logo key  + Shift + Up arrow Stretch the desktop window to the top and bottom of the screen
Windows logo key  + Shift + Down arrow Restore/minimize active desktop windows vertically, maintaining width
Windows logo key  + Shift + Left arrow or Right arrow Move an app or window in the desktop from one monitor to another
Windows logo key  + Spacebar Switch input language and keyboard layout
Windows logo key  + Ctrl + Spacebar Change to a previously selected input
Windows logo key  + Enter Open Narrator
Windows logo key  + forward slash (/) Begin IME reconversion
Windows logo key  + plus (+) or minus (-) Zoom in or out using Magnifier
Windows logo key  + Esc Exit Magnifier

Command Prompt Keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Ctrl + C (or Ctrl + Insert) Copy the selected text
Ctrl + V (or Shift + Insert) Paste the selected text
Ctrl + M Enter Mark mode
Alt + selection key Begin selection in block mode
Arrow keys Move the cursor in the direction specified
Page up Move the cursor by one page up
Page down Move the cursor by one page down
Ctrl + Home (Mark mode) Move the cursor to the beginning of the buffer
Ctrl + End (Mark mode) Move the cursor to the end of the buffer
Ctrl + Up arrow Move up one line in the output history
Ctrl + Down arrow Move down one line in the output history
Ctrl + Home (History navigation) If the command line is empty, move the viewport to the top of the buffer. Otherwise, delete all the characters to the left of the cursor in the command line.
Ctrl + End (History navigation) If the command line is empty, move the viewport to the command line.Otherwise, delete all the characters to the right of the cursor in the command line.

Dialog box Keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
F4 Display the items in the active list
Ctrl + Tab Move forward through tabs
Ctrl + Shift + Tab Move back through tabs
Ctrl + number (number 1–9) Move to nth tab
Tab Move forward through options
Shift + Tab Move back through options
Alt + underlined letter Perform the command (or select the option) that is used with that letter
Spacebar Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
Backspace Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box
Arrow keys Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons

File Explorer Keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Alt + D Select the address bar
Ctrl + E Select the search box
Ctrl + F Select the search box
Ctrl + N Open a new window
Ctrl + W Close the active window
Ctrl + mouse scroll wheel Change the size and appearance of file and folder icons
Ctrl + Shift + E Display all folders above the selected folder
Ctrl + Shift + N Create a new folder
Num Lock + asterisk (*) Display all subfolders under the selected folder
Num Lock + plus (+) Display the contents of the selected folder
Num Lock + minus (-) Collapse the selected folder
Alt + P Display the preview panel
Alt + Enter Open the Properties dialog box for the selected item
Alt + Right arrow View the next folder
Alt + Up arrow View the folder that the folder was in
Alt + Left arrow View the previous folder
Backspace View the previous folder
Right arrow Display the current selection (if it’s collapsed), or select the first subfolder
Left arrow Collapse the current selection (if it’s expanded), or select the folder that the folder was in
End Display the bottom of the active window
Home Display the top of the active window
F11 Maximize or minimize the active window

Virtual Desktops Keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Windows logo key + Tab Open Task view
Windows logo key + Ctrl + D Add a virtual desktop
Windows logo key + Ctrl + Right arrow Switch between virtual desktops you’ve created on the right
Windows logo key + Ctrl + Left arrow Switch between virtual desktops you’ve created on the left
Windows logo key + Ctrl + F4 Close the virtual desktop you’re using

Taskbar Keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Shift + click a taskbar button Open an app or quickly open another instance of an app
Ctrl + Shift + click a taskbar button Open an app as an administrator
Shift + right-click a taskbar button Show the window menu for the app
Shift + right-click a grouped taskbar button Show the window menu for the group
Ctrl + click a grouped taskbar button Cycle through the windows of the group

Settings Keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Windows logo key + I Open settings
Backspace Go back to the settings home page
Type on any page with search box Search settings

 

Keyboard shortcuts in apps

Microsoft Edge keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Ctrl + D Add current site to favorites or reading list
Ctrl + I Open favorites pane
Ctrl + J Open downloads pane
Ctrl + H Open history pane
Ctrl + P Print the current page
Ctrl + F Find on page
Alt + C Open Cortana
Ctrl + Shift + R Enter reading view
Ctrl + T Open a new tab
Ctrl + Shift + T Reopen the last closed tab
Ctrl + W or Ctrl + F4 Close the active tab
Ctrl + K Duplicate tab
Ctrl + N Open a new window
Ctrl + Shift + P Open a new InPrivate Browsing window
Ctrl + Tab Switch to the next tab
Ctrl + Shift + Tab Switch to the previous tab
Ctrl + 1, 2, 3, and so on Switch to a specific tab number
Ctrl + 9 Switch to the last tab
Ctrl + plus (+) Zoom in (25%)
Ctrl + minus (-) Zoom out (25%)
Ctrl + 0 Reset zoom level
Backspace or Alt + Left arrow Go back
Alt + Right arrow Go forward
F5 or Ctrl + R Refresh the page
Esc Stop loading the page
Ctrl + L or F4 or Alt + D Select the address bar
Ctrl + Shift + L Open address bar query in a new tab
Ctrl + E Open a search query in the address bar
Ctrl + Enter Add www. to the beginning and .com to end of text typed in the address bar
Ctrl + click Open link in a new tab
Ctrl + Shift + click Open link in a new tab and switch to that tab
Alt + Shift + click Open link in a new window
Ctrl + Shift + M Start creating web notes
Ctrl + Alt + M Copy selected content into a web note
F12 Open F12 Developer Tools
Ctrl + U View source
F6 Toggle focus between webpage content and the address bar
F7 Turn caret browsing on for the active tab
Ctrl + Shift + Delete Show controls to clear browsing data

Calculator keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Alt + 1 Switch to Standard mode
Alt + 2 Switch to Scientific mode
Alt + 3 Switch to Programmer mode
Ctrl + M Store in memory
Ctrl + P Add to memory
Ctrl + Q Subtract from memory
Ctrl + R Recall from memory
Ctrl + L Clear memory
F9 Select ±
R Select 1/x
@ Calculate the square root
Delete Select CE
Ctrl + H Turn calculation history on or off
Up arrow Move up in history list
Down arrow Move down in history list
Ctrl + Shift + D Clear history
F3 Select DEG in Scientific mode
F4 Select RAD in Scientific mode
F5 Select GRAD in Scientific mode
Ctrl + G Select 10x in Scientific mode
Ctrl + O Select cosh in Scientific mode
Ctrl + S Select sinh in Scientific mode
Ctrl + T Select tanh in Scientific mode
Shift + S Select sin-1 in Scientific mode
Shift + O Select cos-1 in Scientific mode
Shift + T Select tan-1 in Scientific mode
Ctrl + Y Select y√x in Scientific mode
D Select Mod in Scientific mode
L Select log in Scientific mode
M Select dms in Scientific mode
N Select ln in Scientific mode
Ctrl + N Select ex in Scientific mode
O Select cos in Scientific mode
P Select Pi in Scientific mode
Q Select x2 in Scientific mode
S Select sin in Scientific mode
T Select tan in Scientific mode
V Select F-E in Scientific mode
X Select Exp in Scientific mode
Y, ^ Select xy in Scientific mode
# Select x3 in Scientific mode
; Select Int in Scientific mode
! Select n! in Scientific mode
F2 Select DWORD in Programmer mode
F3 Select WORD in Programmer mode
F4 Select BYTE in Programmer mode
F5 Select HEX in Programmer mode
F6 Select DEC in Programmer mode
F7 Select OCT in Programmer mode
F8 Select BIN in Programmer mode
F12 Select QWORD in Programmer mode
A-F Select A-F in Programmer mode
J Select RoL in Programmer mode
K Select RoR in Programmer mode
< Select Lsh in Programmer mode
> Select Rsh in Programmer mode
% Select Mod in Programmer mode
| Select Or in Programmer mode
^ Select Xor in Programmer mode
~ Select Not in Programmer mode
& Select And in Programmer mode
Spacebar Toggle the bit value in Programmer mode

Game bar keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Windows logo key  + G Open Game bar when a game is open
Windows logo key + Alt + G Record the last 30 seconds
Windows logo key + Alt + R Start or stop recording
Windows logo key + Alt + Print Screen Take a screenshot of your game
Windows logo key + Alt + T Show/hide recording timer

Groove keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Ctrl + P Play or pause
Ctrl + F Skip to next song
Ctrl + B Restart current song/skip to previous
F9 Volume up
F8 Volume down
F7 Mute volume
Ctrl + Enter Select an item and enter Selection mode
Ctrl + A Select all
Delete Delete selected item(s)
Ctrl + Shift + P Play selected item
Ctrl + T Repeat on or off
Ctrl + H Shuffle on or off
Ctrl + Q Search

Maps keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Arrow keys Pan the map in any direction
Ctrl + plus or minus key (+ or -) Zoom in or out
Ctrl + Left or Right arrow keys Rotate
Ctrl + Up or Down arrow keys Tilt
+ or – keys Zoom in or out in 3D Cities view
Page Up or Page Down Move farther or closer in 3D Cities view
Ctrl + Y Switch map views between aerial and road
Ctrl + Home Center map on your current location
Ctrl + D Get directions
Ctrl + F Search
Ctrl + M Minimize the active tab
Ctrl + P Print
Ctrl + T Show or hide traffic
Backspace Go back
Ctrl + H Share
Ctrl + L Move focus to map
Ctrl + W Close the active tab
Ctrl + Tab Go to the next tab
Ctrl + Shift + Tab Go to previous tab
Ctrl + S Show or hide Streedside
Ctrl + C Copy to clipboard

Movies & TV keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Alt + Enter Play full-screen
Esc Leave full-screen
Enter Select something that’s in focus
Spacebar

or

Ctrl + P

Play or pause (when a video is in focus)
Alt + Left arrow key

or

Windows logo key + Backspace

Go back
Ctrl + T Turn repeat on or off
F7 Mute the sound
F8 Volume down
F9 Volume up

Paint keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
F11 View a picture in full-screen mode
F12 Save the picture as a new file
Ctrl + A Select the whole picture
Ctrl + B Bold selected text
Ctrl + C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl + E Open the Properties dialog box
Ctrl + G Show or hide gridlines
Ctrl + I Italicize selected text
Ctrl + N Create a new picture
Ctrl + O Open an existing picture
Ctrl + P Print a picture
Ctrl + R Show or hide the ruler
Ctrl + S Save changes to a picture
Ctrl + U Underline selected text
Ctrl + V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Ctrl + W Open the Resize and Skew dialog
Ctrl + X Cut a selection
Ctrl + Y Redo a change
Ctrl + Z Undo a change
Ctrl + plus (+) Increase the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
Ctrl + minus (-) Decrease the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
Ctrl + Page Up Zoom in
Ctrl + Page Down Zoom out
Alt + F4 Close a picture and its Paint window
Right arrow Move the selection or active shape right by one pixel
Left arrow Move the selection or active shape left by one pixel
Down arrow Move the selection or active shape down by one pixel
Up arrow Move the selection or active shape up by one pixel
Shift + F10 Show the context menu

Photos keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Spacebar (in Collection) Select an item and enter Selection mode
Enter (from Selection mode) Select an item while in Selection mode
Spacebar (viewing a photo) Show or hide commands
Spacebar (viewing a video) Play or pause the video
Arrow keys (in Collection) Scroll up, down, left, or right
Left or right arrow keys (on a single item or slideshow) Show the next or previous item
Arrow keys (on a zoomed photo) Move within the photo
Ctrl + plus or minus (+ or -) Zoom in or out when viewing a photo
Ctrl + 0 Reset zoom on a photo
Esc Return to previous screen
Ctrl + S Save
Ctrl + P Print
Ctrl + C Copy
Ctrl + R (viewing or editing) Rotate a photo
E (viewing a photo) Enhance a photo
Ctrl + Z (editing) Undo changes
Ctrl + Y (editing) Redo changes
Ctrl + / (editing) View original
Shift + arrow keys Resize crop or selective focus area
Ctrl + arrow keys Move crop or selective focus area
F5 (viewing an item) Start a slide show
Alt + Enter View file info
Ctrl + L Set as lock screen
Ctrl + N (in Albums view) Create a new album
Ctrl + R (in Albums view) Remove album
Ctrl + D Add selected items to album
Ctrl + U Remove selected items from album

Wordpad keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
F3 Search for the next instance of the text in the Find dialog box
F12 Save the document as a new file
Ctrl + 1 Set single line spacing
Ctrl + 2 Set double line spacing
Ctrl + 5 Set line spacing to 1.5
Ctrl + A Select all
Ctrl + B Make selected text bold
Ctrl + C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl + D Insert a Microsoft Paint drawing
Ctrl + E Align text center
Ctrl + F Search for text in a document
Ctrl + H Replace text in a document
Ctrl + I Italicize selected text
Ctrl + J Justify text
Ctrl + L Align text left
Ctrl + N Create a new document
Ctrl + O Open an existing document
Ctrl + P Print a document
Ctrl + R Align text right
Ctrl + S Save changes to a document
Ctrl + U Underline selected text
Ctrl + V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Ctrl + X Cut a selection
Ctrl + Y Redo a change
Ctrl + Z Undo a change
Ctrl + equal (=) Make selected text subscript
Ctrl + Shift + equal (=) Make selected text superscript
Ctrl + Shift + greater than (>) Increase the font size
Ctrl + Shift + less than (<) Decrease the font size
Ctrl + Shift + A Change characters to all capitals
Ctrl + Shift + L Change the bullet style
Ctrl + Left arrow Move the cursor one word to the left
Ctrl + Right arrow Move the cursor one word to the right
Ctrl + Up arrow Move the cursor to the previous line
Ctrl + Down arrow Move the cursor to the next line
Ctrl + Home Move to the beginning of the document
Ctrl + End Move to the end of the document
Ctrl + Page Up Move up one page
Ctrl + Page Down Move down one page
Ctrl + Delete Delete the next word
Alt + F4 Close WordPad
Shift + F10 Show the context menu

Windows keyboard shortcuts for accessibility

Magnifier keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Windows logo key + plus (+) or minus (-) Zoom in or out
Ctrl + Alt + Spacebar Preview the desktop in full-screen mode
Ctrl + Alt + D Switch to docked mode
Ctrl + Alt + F Switch to full-screen mode
Ctrl + Alt + I Invert colors
Ctrl + Alt + L Switch to lens mode
Ctrl + Alt + R Resize the lens
Ctrl + Alt + arrow keys Pan in the direction of the arrow keys
Windows logo key + Esc Exit Magnifier

Additional accessibility keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Right Shift for eight seconds Turn Filter Keys on and off
Left Alt + left Shift + Print Screen Turn High Contrast on or off
Left Alt + left Shift + Num Lock Turn Mouse Keys on or off
Shift five times Turn Sticky Keys on or off
Num Lock for five seconds Turn Toggle Keys on or off
Windows logo key + U Open the Ease of Access Center

Microsoft Surface Hub keyboard shortcuts

Press this key To do this
Windows logo key Open or close Start
Windows logo key  + A Open quick actions
Windows logo key  + F Enter or exit full screen for the app you’re using
Windows logo key  + N Open notifications
Windows logo key  + S Open Cortana or search
Windows logo key  + T Open the clock
Windows logo key  + W Send to whiteboard
Windows logo key  + X Swap sidebars
Windows logo key  + 1 Open or close the call pane in the sidebar
Windows logo key  + 2 Open or close the people pane in the sidebar
Windows logo key  + 3 Open or close the message pane in the sidebar
Windows logo key  + 4 Open or close the content pane in the sidebar
Windows logo key  + F6 Move keyboard focus between the sidebars, top bar, and bottom bar
Windows logo key  + Shift + F6 Move keyboard focus between the sidebars, top bar, and bottom bar in the opposite direction
Windows logo key  + Tab Go to Task view
Windows logo key  + Backspace Go back
Windows logo key  + Spacebar Switch input language or keyboard
Windows logo key  + Enter Open Narrator
Windows logo key  + Plus (+) Open Magnifier
Left Alt + left Shift + Print Screen Turn high contrast on or off
F10 Turn screen sharing on or off
Alt + Tab Switch between open apps
Left Alt + left Shift + Num Lock Turn Mouse Keys on or off
Right Shift for eight seconds Turn Filter Keys on or off
Shift five times Turn Sticky Keys on or off
Num Lock for five seconds Turn Toggle Keys on or off
Windows logo key  + Esc End your session

Keyboard shortcuts for Continuum

Press this key To do this
Windows logo key Open or close Start
Windows logo key + A Open Action center
Windows logo key‌  + C Open Cortana in listening mode
Windows logo key  + E Open File Explorer
Windows logo key  + I Open Settings
Windows logo key  + K Open the Connect quick action
Windows logo key  + L Lock your device or switch accounts
Windows logo key  + O Lock device orientation
Windows logo key  + P Open display settings
Windows logo key  + S Open search
Windows logo key  + U Open Ease of Access Center
Windows logo key  + Tab Open Task view
Windows logo key  + Backspace Go back
Windows logo key  + Spacebar Switch input language and keyboard layout
Windows logo key  + Print Screen Take a screenshot
Alt + Tab Switch between open apps


Mac Shortcuts

I got this list from: https://www.danrodney.com/mac

Action Keystroke
Open Sidebar item in a new Tab or Window (depending on Finder Preferences) Cmd-Click
Switch Finder views

(Icon, List, Column, Cover Flow)

Cmd-1, Cmd-2, Cmd-3, Cmd-4
In List view, expand a folder Right Arrow
In List view, collapse a folder Left Arrow
Rename the selected file/folder Press Return (or Enter)
Go into selected folder or open the selected file Cmd-Down Arrow
Go to parent folder Cmd-Up Arrow
Go Back Cmd-[
Go Forward Cmd-]
Select the next icon in Icon and List views Tab (Shift-Tab reverses direction)
Alternate columns in Column View Tab (Shift-Tab reverses direction)
Resize one column to fit the longest file name (Column View) Double-Click column divider (or the resize widget at the bottom of the column divider, depending on your setup)
Resize all columns to fit their longest file names (Column View) Option Double-Click column divider (or the resize widget at the bottom of the column divider, depending on your setup)
Copy and Paste files Cmd-C, then Cmd-V
Copy and Paste files Exactly (Keeps original ownership & permissions. Requires Admin username & password.) Cmd-C, then Cmd-Option-Shift-V
Cut and Paste files (Move files) Cmd-C, then Cmd-Option–V
Copy a File’s Pathname Cmd-Opt–C
Move a file instead of copying (Copies to the destination and removes it from the original disk.) Cmd-Drag file to disk
Immediately Delete a File (does not put file in Trash) Cmd-Opt–Delete
Move selected files to the Trash (called the Recycle Bin in Windows) Cmd-Delete
Empty the Trash with warning (like emptying Recycle Bin in Windows) Cmd-Shift-Delete
Empty the Trash with no warning (like emptying Recycle Bin in Windows) Cmd-Opt-Shift-Delete
Cancel a drag-n-drop action while in the midst of dragging Esc
Show Inspector (a single, live refreshing Info window) Cmd-Opt-I
Undo the last action (such as rename file, copy file, etc.) Cmd-Z
Hide/Show Sidebar (on the left) Cmd-Opt-S
Hide/Show Toolbar (on the top) and the Sidebar Cmd-Opt-T
Move or Remove item in toolbar (at the top of the window). Works in most programs. Cmd-Drag
Open Quick Look (Previews most types of files without having to open them) Press the Spacebar (or Cmd-Y). On a trackpad can also tap with 3 fingers.
Zoom In/Out in Quick Look (Images & PDFs) Pinch on a trackpad or hold Opt while scrolling. For images, hold Option to zoom to 100%.
Find Files Cmd-F

App Switcher

Action Keystroke
Quickly switch between 2 apps (like Safari & Finder) Press Cmd-Tab to switch to last used app.

Press Cmd-Tab again to switch back.

Switch between apps Press Cmd-Tab & continue holding Cmd. While holding Cmd, to choose which app you want to switch to:

    • press Tab (multiple times as needed) to scroll right
    • press Tilde(~) or Shift-Tab to scroll left
    • press Left/Right Arrow keys
    • aim with the mouse
    • press End/Home key to go to first/last app
Quit an app in the app switcher In the app switcher, you’re already holding Cmd, so hit Q to quit selected app.
Hide an app in the app switcher In the app switcher, you’re already holding Cmd, so hit H to hide selected app.
Cancel the app switcher In the app switcher, you’re already holding Cmd, so hit Esc or period(.)

Managing Windows & Dialogs

Action Keystroke
Switch to next window Cmd-Tilde(~)
Switch to previous window Cmd-Shift-Tilde(~)
See where the File/Folder is located (a menu will pop-up displaying the folder hierarchy). Works in most programs, including the Finder. Cmd-Click on name of the window (in the titlebar)
Move a window in the background without switching to it. Cmd-Drag on the window’s titlebar
Choose “Don’t Save” in a Dialog Cmd-D in some apps, but other apps use Cmd-Delete (Cmd-D will change the location to the Desktop)

Dock

Action Keystroke
Hide all other applications (except the one you’re clicking on) Command-Option Click an App’s icon in Dock
Reveal a Dock item’s location in the Finder Command Click on the icon in the Dock
Force a file to open in a specific app While dragging the file onto an app’s icon in the Dock, hold Command-Option
In an App’s Dock menu change the Quit to Force Quit (Click & hold on an App in the Dock to show the menu) Hold Option while in Dock menu
Move Dock to left, bottom, right side of screen Hold Shift and drag Dock divider
Change the icon size of a stack (must be the grid view) Cmd-plus(+) or Cmd-minus(–)
Temporarily turn magnification on/off Hold Control-Shift
Force the Dock to only resize to non-interpolated icon sizes Hold Option while dragging Dock separator

Dashboard

Action Keystroke
Close a widget without having to open the widget dock Hold Option and hover over widget (close box will appear)
Reload/Refresh a widget Cmd-R

Working with Text Only work in some apps (Safari, Mail, TextEdit, etc.)

Action Keystroke
Go to end of line Cmd-right arrow
Go to beginning of line Cmd-left arrow
Go to end of all the text Cmd-down arrow
Go to beginning of all the text Cmd-up arrow
Go to end of current or next word Option-right arrow
Go to beginning of current or previous word Option-left arrow
Add Shift to the above keystrokes to make a selection to that point.  
On Laptops: Delete Text to the right of the cursor (like the Del key on a full keyboard) Function(fn)-Delete
Non-touching (Discontinuous) text selections Command-drag
Select non-linear areas Option-drag
Delete entire word to the left Opt-Delete
Paste and Match Style (so it looks the same as the text you are pasting into) Cmd–Opt-Shift–V
Look up word in dictionary Mouse over a word and hit Cmd-Ctrl-D (Or on a trackpad use 3 fingers to tap on a word)
Display Emoji pop-up Command-Control-Space will open the Special Character panel. On the left you can select Emoji or other Symbols.
Display Special/Alternate Characters Hold any key. Example: Holding the “A” key will display à á â etc. You can press the corresponding number under the character you want to type to choose it (or arrow over to it).
Auto completion word Start typing the word. Press Option–Esc (or F5) to open suggested word list
Switch to Outline Mode in TextEdit
    • Press Option-Tab to convert the current line into a list item
    • Press Return to create another list item
    • Press Tab at the start of a blank list item to indent it, creating a sublist
    • Press Shift-Tab to remove a level of indention
    • Press Return twice to decrease the indent, exiting the current sublist/list

Screenshots  Saved to the Desktop as a PNG file.

Action Keystroke
Take picture of the entire screen Cmd-Shift-3
Take picture of a selected area Cmd-Shift-4 and Drag over an area. While dragging:

    • Hold Spacebar to move selected area.
    • Hold Shift to change size in one direction only (horizontal or vertical)
    • Hold Option for center-based resizing.
Take picture of a specific window/object Cmd-Shift-4, then press Spacebar, then Click on the window/object.

TIP: Hold Option while you click to remove the drop shadow.

Hold Control with any of the above keystrokes to copy the screenshot to the clipboard instead of making a file.  

Spotlight

Action Keystroke
Show Spotlight Search Cmd-Space
Open Spotlight Finder Search Window Cmd-Option-Space
Launch Top Hit (in the Menu) Return
Reveal selected item in Finder In Spotlight Search: Press Cmd-Return

In Finder Window: Press Cmd-R

Skip to first result in a category Cmd Up/Down Arrow
Look up the definition of a word Type the word in Spotlight’s search field and hit Cmd–L to look it up.
Do a web search Type something into Spotlight and hit Cmd–B to open it as a search in your web browser.
Clear Spotlight Search Esc clears to do another search.

Esc a second time closes Spotlight.

Mission Control

Action Keystroke
Enter Mission Control Ctrl-Up Arrow
Move to a neighboring space or full screen app Ctrl-Left or Right Arrow
View Windows in the Current App Ctrl-Down Arrow
Show Desktop F11 (may need to hold the fn buton on some keyboards)
Show Dashboard F12 (may need to hold the fn buton on some keyboards) or the dedicated Dashboard key

Startup, Restart, Shutdown & Sleep

Action Keystroke
Eject CD on boot Hold Mouse button down immediately after powering on
Safe boot Hold Shift during startup
Start up in Recovery mode Hold Cmd-R during startup
Start up in Target Disk mode Hold T during startup
Startup from a CD, DVD Hold C during startup
Bypass primary startup volume and seek a different startup volume (CD, etc.) Hold Cmd-Opt-Shift-Delete during startup
Choose Startup disk before booting Hold Option during startup
Start up in Verbose mode Hold Cmd-V during startup
Start up in Single-User mode (command line) Hold Cmd-S during startup
Shutdown immediately (no confirmation) Hold Cmd-Opt-Ctrl and press the Eject key or Power button
Restart immediately (no confirmation) Cmd-Ctrl-Eject
Forced Restart (only do this when absolutely needed) Cmd-Ctrl-Power button
Sleep immediately (no confirmation) Press the Power button (or hit Cmd-Opt-Eject)
Show Dialog with Restart, Sleep & Shutdown Options Hold Ctrl and press the Eject key or Power button (or hold the Power button for a few seconds and the dialog will appear)
Put display to sleep Hold Ctrl-Shift and press the Eject key or Power button

Safari

Action Keystroke
Highlight URL/Search Field (at top of window) Cmd–L
Switch to Next Tab Ctrl-Tab (or Cmd-Shift-Right Arrow)
Switch to Previous Tab Ctrl-Shift-Tab (or Cmd-Shift-Left Arrow)
Switch tabs: jump directly to the first tab, second tab, etc.

(If you change the preference, this will go to one of the first 9 bookmarks in the Bookmarks Bar.)

Cmd-1 through Cmd-9
Move between found items Cmd-F, enter your search text and Press:

Return to Move Forward

Shift-Return to Move Backward

Cancel current Find Press Escape or Cmd-Period(.)
Scroll by one full screen Scroll Down: Spacebar or Option–Down Arrow

Scroll Up: Shift–Spacebar or Option-Up Arrow

Open Link in New Tab (in the background) Cmd–Click a link
Open Link in New Tab (in the foreground) Cmd–Shift–Click a link
Open Link in New Window Cmd–Opt–Shift Click a link
Add to Reading List Shift–Click a link

Apple Mail

Action Keystroke
Send Message Cmd–Shift–D (remember as D = Deliver)
Reply to Message Cmd–R or Opt–Double Click Message
Reply All Cmd–Shift–R
Go to Inbox Cmd–1
Go to other mailboxes in your favorites bar Cmd–2, 3, etc.
Prevent the next message from being automatically selected & marked as read Opt–Delete
Search the current message Cmd–F
Search all messages Cmd–Opt–F
Compose a new email Cmd–N

Preview

Action Keystroke
Zoom In or Out Cmd-Plus(+) or Cmd-Minus(-)
Zoom to Actual Size Cmd-0
Zoom to Fit Cmd-9

Miscellaneous

Action Keystroke
Force Quit (displayed list of apps) Cmd-Opt-Esc
Scroll using a Trackpad (like a mouse’s scroll wheel) Slide 2 fingers on the trackpad
Right-click using a Trackpad (like on a 2 button mouse) Place 2 fingers on the trackpad and Click
Adjust the font size in Messages app Cmd-Plus(+) or Cmd-Minus(-)
Quickly find any menu item and launch it.
    1. Press Cmd-Shift-/ (which is Cmd-? on the keyboard)
    2. In the Help menu Search that opens, start typing a few letters of your desired menu command.
    3. Arrow key down to the item you want and press Return to choose it.
If an app re-opens with the windows that were open when you last quit it, you can tell it not to re-open the windows. Hold Shift while launching an app
Turn off notifications (turn on Do Not Disturb) Option-click the Notification Center icon in menu bar to toggle notifications off/on
Change system volume in smaller increments Hold Opt–Shift while changing volume
Change system volume with confirmation beeps Hold Shift while changing volume (prior to Yosemite this would disable the beeps)
Turn display mirroring on/off (when connected to an additional display) Command–Brightness Down (F1)
Completely smooth scrolling, one pixel at a time (does not work in all apps) Hold Option while dragging scrollbar
Open “Sound” panel of System Preferences Press Option and a Sound key (Mute, Volume Up or Down)
Open “Displays” panel of System Preferences Press Option and a Brightness key
Customize the toolbar at the top of a window. Works in the Finder, Apple Mail, Preview, etc. but not some apps, like Firefox.
    • Cmd drag icons to rearrange.
    • Cmd drag icon off toolbar to remove.
    • Ctrl-click toolbar and choose Customize for more options.
Move the Terminal cursor with the mouse Option–click where you’d like the cursor
Change Terminal Directory to a specific folder (cd into the folder) Cmd-Drag a folder onto the Terminal Window

Emacs Key Bindings  Only work in some apps (Safari, Mail, TextEdit, etc.)

Action Keystroke Remember As
Go to start of line (move cursor to start of line) Ctrl-A A = Start of alphabet
Go to end of line (move cursor to end of line) Ctrl-E E = End
Go up one line Ctrl-P P = Previous
Go down one line Ctrl-N N = Next
Go back a character (move cursor left) Ctrl-B B = Back
Go forward a character (move cursor right) Ctrl-F F = Forward
Delete the character to the right of the cursor Ctrl-D D = Delete
Delete the character to the left of the cursor Ctrl-H  
Delete the selection or to the end of the line (acts like cutting the text) Ctrl-K K = Kill
Yank back the killed text (acts like pasting) Ctrl-Y Y = Yank
Scroll down Ctrl-V  
Center the current line in the window Ctrl-L  
Insert line break after the cursor without moving the cursor Ctrl-O  
Transpose letters (swaps letters on left and right of cursor) Ctrl-T T = Transpose

 

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